Andropov, Yury Vladimirovich

Andropov, Yury Vladimirovich
   Politician. Born to a father of a Don Cossack noble family and a mother of ethnic German origin, Yury Andropov was orphaned in his teens. He joined the Komsomol youth organization and became a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) in 1939. He fought as a partisan during World War II and then climbed the party ranks in Kareliya before moving to Moscow. He was ambassador to Hungary during the 1956 revolution and played a key role in its suppression. After returning to Moscow, he was elected to the CPSU Central Committee and then assumed the directorship of the KGB. Fearing a repeat of the Hungarian Revolution, Andropov took a hard line against the developments in Czechoslovakia, resulting in the draconian suppression of the “Prague Spring” of 1968. At home, he was at the forefront of the suppression of the burgeoning dissident movement in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). As a full member of the Politburo, he was a key supporter of the decision to initiate the Soviet-Afghan War in 1979. Upon the death of Leonid Brezhnev, he became general secretary of the CPSU on 12 November 1982. During his 15 months in office, he attempted to implement systemic reform through economic “acceleration” (uskoreniie>). His administration saw a shakeup of the nomenklatura>, with significant dismissals and personnel changes, particularly directed at corruption. Relations with the United States further deteriorated over arms control and the downing of Korean Air Flight 007 in 1983.
   His health quickly deteriorated, and, before passing, he recommended that Mikhail Gorbachev assume control of the Politburo, effectively designating the young Communist as his heir apparent. Despite his wishes, Konstantin Chernenko became the next premier. Andropov died due to complications from renal failure on 9 February 1984.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • Andropov, Yury Vladimirovich — ▪ president of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics born June 15 [June 2, Old Style], 1914, Nagutskoye, Russia died Feb 9, 1984, Moscow  head of the Soviet Union s KGB (State Security Committee) from 1967 to 1982 and his country s leader as… …   Universalium

  • Andropov, Yury (Vladimirovich) — born June 15, 1914, Nagutskoye, Russia died Feb 9, 1984, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet leader. He joined the Communist Party in 1939 and rose rapidly in the party hierarchy. His tenure as head of the KGB (1967–82) was noted for its suppression… …   Universalium

  • Vladimirovich — (as used in expressions) Andropov Yury Vladimirovich Mayakovsky Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov Vladimir Vladimirovich Obraztsov Sergey Vladimirovich Putin Vladimir Vladimirovich * * * …   Universalium

  • Andropov — /ænˈdrɒpɒf/ (say an dropof) noun Yury Vladimirovich /ˈjuəri vlædɪˈmɪərəvɪtʃ/ (say yoohuhree vladi mearruhvich), 1914–84, Soviet politician, born in Russia; president of the Soviet Union 1983–84 …  

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  • Union of Soviet Socialist Republics — a former federal union of 15 constituent republics, in E Europe and W and N Asia, comprising the larger part of the former Russian Empire: dissolved in December 1991. 8,650,069 sq. mi. (22,402,200 sq. km). Cap.: Moscow. Also called Russia, Soviet …   Universalium

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